There are many different ways of taking cannabidiol. There are capsules, tinctures, etc. With e-cigarettes becoming very popular lately amongst cigarette smokers, the use of vaporizers has also branched out into our world of natural health. They are now counted as one of the convenient and beneficial ways of taking CBD.
That being said, there are few factors you should look out for before buying buying CBD product in any form.
There seems to be a lot of infographics online that give dosage information, but what you need to remember is that everyone is different and metabolisms vary. Like with all news things, be reasonable and start small, working up the dosage based on how you feel until you find the desired effect.
Like all new things relating to the vape world its open to abuse and unfortunately there are a lot of of CBD producers who are using synthetic CBD so be very careful when buying cleverly marketed CBD vape liquids as the quality and product could actually be harmful to you as unknown compounds etc are introduced to your body. So only buy from certified vendors or make your own to be sure of the quality.
Cheap cannabidiol, (CBD) oils are cheap for a reason. If you searched for ‘CBD oil’ in your search engine right now it would bring up hundreds of different CBD products – and all of them claiming to be the best ever and extracted from the strongest hemp! The interesting thing about them is that most of these producers and distributors offer no tangible evidence to support the claim that their products are the best. Surely, lower prices are more attractive, but think twice before picking the cheap CBD oil over the higher quality one. If you want to make sure you’re getting a safe and effective product, look for quality, not for a low price.
Most importantly, do your research before buying any CBD products. Look out for lab test results that are visible for anyone who wants to see them. Beware of products that claim to cure everything – although cannabidiol has shown promising results in numerous studies, that doesn’t mean to say that it will cure your condition over night!
Glioma is the term used to describe a tumor that originated on the brain or spine. Each year, 10,000 Americans are diagnosed with malignant glioma. Of those, about half will die within a year of diagnosis. Only 25 percent are still alive after two years.
Researchers Investigated Glioma & Its Reaction To Cannabinoids
Most often occurring in the brain, malignant gliomas are rarely curable despite years of research on the subject. Traditional therapies like radiotherapy and chemotherapy have had limited success, and glioma’s ability to spread to normal tissue makes surgery difficult.
“Each year, 10,000 Americans are diagnosed with malignant glioma.”
With that said, the mechanism of action that cannabidiol (CBD)influences is not very well understood. A study published last week in PLOS ONEoffers some insight into what may be happening.
Cannabidiol (CBD) May Treat Glioma Through Multiple Pathways
A team of researchers from Italy and Canada previously determined that cannabidiol (CBD) effectively limits human glioma cell growth. Nonetheless, their findings left more to be explained. “Studies exploring the putative anti-invasive properties of CBD in glioma cells are still limited and the molecular mechanisms underlying its effect are poorly understood,” they wrote.
In turn, the same research team conducted a cell-culture study to characterize how cannabidiol (CBD) is able to inhibit the growth of two different glioma cell lines (U87-MG & T98G). Additionally, they investigated the compound’s influence on a number of proteins tied to the spreading of tumors.
“Cannabidiol (CBD) affects multiple tumoral features and molecular pathways.”– Daniela Parolaro
The investigators used cannabidiol (CBD), which was provided by GW Pharmaceuticals, to treat glioma cells in vitro. According to their results, CBD was able to significantly decrease the invasiveness of each cell model. They also found that cannabidiol (CBD) may induce cancerous cell death, depending on its dosage concentration.
Furthermore, the researchers determined that cannabidiol (CBD) caused a decreased expression of various proteins involved in the spread of glioma. Yet again, this result was dependent on the dosage administered. CBD seemed to down-regulate pro-survival signaling pathways in each of the glioma cell models as well.
In conclusion of the study, the research team noted that their results “provide new insights into the anti-tumor action of CBD.” Their report went on to say, “this cannabinoid affects multiple tumoral features and molecular pathways.”
Of course, more research will be necessary to facilitate whether cannabidiol (CBD) is a viable treatment for glioma. GW Pharmaceuticals recently commenced clinical trials for the cannabis-based drug Sativex to determine it’s ability to treat Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) – a particularly aggressive type of brain cancer. It is the first study on cannabis-based cancer treatment with humans.
If you’re unfamiliar with cannabinoids or terpenoids, it’s time to learn. Each strain can be defined by a specific chemical makeup, i.e.., its combination of cannabinoids and terpenoids. The exact relationship between cannabinoids and terpenoids is uncertain, but the ineffectiveness of single cannabinoid extractions (e.g.., Marinol THC capsules) prove the significance of the synergistic effects of both compounds – often referred to as “the entourage effect.” Whether terpenes increase bioaccessibility of cannabinoids or vice versa, terpenes have been connected to the flavor and aroma of the plant whereas cannabinoids are well-known to influence effects.
So what exactly are terpenes?
Terpenes are volatile aromatic molecules that evaporate easily and readily announce themselves to the nose. Various researchers have emphasized the pharmacological importance of terpenes, or terpenoids, which form the basis of aromatherapy, a popular holistic healing modality. Marijuana’s compelling fragrance and particular psychoactive flavor are determined by the predominate terpenes in a strain.
Around 200 terpenes have been found in cannabis, but only a few of these odiferous oily substances appear in amounts substantial enough to be noteworthy, or nose worthy, as it were. Among them are monoterpenes, diterpenes, and sesquiterpenes, which are characterized by the number of repeating units of a 5-carbon molecule called isoprene, the structural hallmark of all terpenoid compounds. The terpenes in marijuana have given the plant an enduring, evolutionary advantage. Pungent terpenoid oils repel insects and animal grazers; others prevent fungus.
Terpenes, it turns out, are healthy for people as well as plants. A September 2011 report by Dr. Ethan Russo in the British Journal of Pharmacology discussed the wide-ranging therapeutic attributes of terpenoids, which are typically lacking in “CBD-only” products.
What are marijuana terpenes?
More than 100 different terpenes have been detected in marijuana, and there are many more if we consider the different variations of each one. For example, the typical smell of citrus fruits comes from terpenes called limonenes, but these can vary in concentration. The limonenes of a lemon are identical to the limonenes of an orange, but each variety is defined by a different smell, resulting from tiny differences in the proportions or the form of the limonenes that it contains.
Here we list the main terpenes found in Cannabis Sativa and its effects on our health. You will see that percentages can vary widely from one variety to another. Here are the most common cannabis cannabinoids and their benefits:
THC is the most well-known and most abundant cannabinoid in marijuana, THC is the cannabinoid responsible for the main psychoactive effects most people associate with marijuana. THC has analgesic, anti-emetic (reduces vomiting and nausea), anti-proliferative (inhibits cancer cell growth), antioxidant, antispasmodic, anxiolitic (decreases anxiety), appetite stimulant, euphoriant, and neuroprotective (slows damage to the nervous system and brain) effects.
CBD is the main non-psychoactive cannabinoid in cannabis. CBD has a wide range of therapeutic uses. Because of its many therapeutic uses and because it is non-psychoactive, it is often recommended for treatment of children, the elderly, and anyone who wants the medicinal benefits of cannabis without the “high.” CBD has analgesic, antibacterial, anti-diabetic (reduces blood sugar), antidepressant, anti-emetic, anti-epileptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-insomnia, anti-ischemic (reduces the risk of artery blockage), antipsoriatic (treats psoriasis), anti-proliferative, antipsychotic, antioxidant, antispasmodic, anxiolitc, bone stimulant, immunosuppressive, intestinal anti-prokinetc (reduces small intestine contractions), neuroprotective, and vasorelaxant (reduces vascular tension) effects.
CBN is a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid that comes from the degradation of THC after an extended period of time due to exposure to oxygen and heat. There is usually very little to no CBN in a fresh plant. CBN has analgesic, anti-epileptic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-insomnia, anti-emetic, anti-proliferative, appetite stimulant, and bone stimulant effects.
CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is believed to block the psychoactive effects of THC. CBG has analgesic, antibacterial, anti-epileptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-insomnia, anti-proliferative, bone stimulant, and neurogenic (promotes growth of new brain cells) effects.
CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. CBC has a wide range of medical uses. CBC has analgesic, antidepressant, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, bone stimulant, anxiolitic, and neurogenic (promotes the growth of new brain cells) effects.
THCA is the most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis. THCA is the acidic precursor to THC and converts to Δ9-THC when heated. THCA is non-psychoactive and has many therapeutic uses. THCA is an analgesic, a neuroprotectant has anti-inflammatory, anti-insomnia, antispasmodic, anti-proliferative, and anti-emetic effects, and has been shown to modulate the immune system.
CBDA is found in elevated levels in specific cannabis strains. Like THCA, CBDA converts to CBD when heated. CBDA is non-psychoactive and has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and has also been shown to be anti-inflammatory, anti-emetic, and anti-proliferative.
The benefits of the primary terpenes found in cannabis:
Pinene is the most common naturally occuring terpenoid in nature and is responsible for the pine taste in many popular strains. Pinene is a bronchodilator and has analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-prolifertive, and anti-oxidant effects.
Linalool has a floral scent with spicy overtones and has analgesic, antidepressant, anti-epileptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-psychotic, anxiolytic, and sedative effects.
Myrcene is the smallest terpene but the most prevalent terpene found in most varieties of cannabis. Myrcene dictates whether a strain will have an indica or sativa effect. Strains high in myrcene will result in a “couch lock” effect while strains with low levels of Myrcene will produce a more energetic high. Myrcene has earthy, fruity notes and analgesic, antibacterial, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-insomnia, anti-proliferative/ant-mutagenic, antipsychotic, and antispasmodic effects.
Limonene is a dominant terpene in strains that have a pronounced sativa effect. Limonene has a strong citrus odor and flavor and aids in the absorption of other terpenes through the skin and mucous membranes. It has antidepressant, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, anxiolytic, gasto-pesphageal reflux (reduces acid reflux), immunostimulant effects.
Caryophyllene is a spicy terpene. It is the only terpene known to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (CB2). Caryophyllene has analgesic, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, antioxidant, anxiolitic, analgesic, and neuroprotective effects.
Humulene contributes to the “hoppy” aroma of cannabis. Humulene has analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, and anorectic (appetite suppressant) effects.
Bisabolol has a light, sweet floral aroma and is known to have antimicrobial, anti-inflamatory, and anti-irritant effects. Bisabolol has also shown to be a pro-apoptotic agent for acute leukemia cells.
Ocimene is used in perfumes for its pleasant odor. In nature this terpene acts as part of the plants defenses and possesses antifungal properties.
Terpinolene has smoky or woody notes. Terpinolene is a sedative and also has antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-insomnia, anti-proliferative, and antioxidant effects.
Geraniol has rosy, floral notes. It is an effective mosquito repellent and shows a potential protective effect against neuropathy.
Terpineol smells of lilac, crabapple blossoms and lime blossoms. During tests on mice, their mobility was reduced to 45%. This explains the sedative effect of some marijuana strains. Terpineol is often found in strains that have a high level of pinenes, the aromas of which can hide the smell of terpineol.
Valencene contributes to the citrus odor of cannabis. The effects of Valencene are being researched.
Selina-3, 7 (11)-diene is a more recently discovered terpene whose properties are still being explored. It has been used in various antimicrobial studies in essential oil testing and has shown promise with inhibiting microbial growth.
From clothing, to food, to fuel, to a whole host of consumer and building products, not to mention helping in cleaning up soil pollution, it’s only slightly hyperbole to call hemp a wonder crop.
Industrial hemp has many uses, including paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, construction, health food, and fuel. It is one of the fastest growing biomasses knownand one of the earliest domesticated plants known. It also runs parallel with the “Green Future” objectives that are becoming increasingly popular. Hemp requires little to no pesticides no herbicidescontrols erosion of the topsoil, and produces oxygen. Furthermore, hemp can be used to replace many potentially harmful products, such as tree paper (the processing of which uses chlorine bleach, which results in the waste product polychlorinated dibensodioxins, popularly known as dioxins, which are carcinogenic, and contribute to deforestation, cosmetics, and plastics, most of which are petroleum-based and do not decompose easily. The strongest chemical needed to whiten the already light hemp paper is non-toxic hydrogen peroxide.
Hemp produces 4 times the raw material than trees for paper making. Hemp can be planted between 1-3 times a season, depending on location and can be recycled up to 10 times, compared to 3 or 4 for wood pulp paper. The same fibre products that the hemp harvest produces also provides raw-materials for a host of other sustainable products.
If today is a typical day on planet Earth, we will lose 116 square miles of rainforest, or about an acre a second. We will lose another 72 square miles to encroaching deserts, as a result of human mismanagement and overpopulation. We will lose 40 to 100 species, and no one knows whether the number is 40 or 100. Today the human population will increase by 250,000. And today we will add 2,700 tons of chlorofluorocarbons to the atmosphere and 15 million tons of carbon. Tonight the Earth will be a little hotter, it’s waters more acidic, and the fabric of life more threadbare.
Hemp’s been used for textiles since time immemorial–samples of hemp fabric in China date back to 8,000 BC–though it has certainly had a renaissance of late. Shedding the slightly rough and tough image it once had hemp has broken into the realms of high fashion, has been mixed with silk for lingerie, as well as being applied to more obvious applications where it’s durability is used to best advantage: Providing material for shoes, jeans, and other tough sport clothing.
Of all the uses for hemp, even if you only have a cursory knowledge of the subject you’re probably away of hemp fabric, clothing and paper, but here’s one that’s an eye-opener: Hemp provides all sorts of good building materials. You can make it into insulation as companies in the Netherlands and Ireland are doing. It can be used to make engineered building products like fiberboard and pressboard, and even be used to make ‘hempcrete‘, a stronger, lighter, and more environmentally friendly version of concrete.
Also, making biofuel from hemp is very possible! Like pretty much any vegetable oil you can take hemp oil and process it into biodiesel. You still have all the concerns about conversion of land that could be used for food production into land used to fuel vehicles, but the biodiesel process is certainly solid. As cellulosic ethanol technology becomes more commercial viable – something seemingly just over the horizon for a couple of years now – there’s no reason why you couldn’t utilize hemp stalks or other leftovers as a feedstock. Considering all that, it stands to reason that hemp could also be utilized to make liquid fuels that are chemically identical to petroleum-based gasoline or diesel as well
CBD (Cannabidiol) based e-liquids are growing more and more popular, and not only within the vaping community. It doesn’t come as a surprise, considering the various health benefits of CBD, legal status and more information available about this particular cannabis component.
Some of you (non-vapers) may ask: why vape CBD if there are other ways of taking it, for example CBd oil? CBD is usually taken orally as a cannabis-based concentrate or extract. However, compared to smoking or vaporizing, ingesting cannabinoids orally can cause inconsistent absorption and a delayed effect.
The study conducted experiments using combinations of purified THC and CBD, in order to determine the best way of administering CBD via vaporizer. Here’s what they found:
CBD begins to evaporate at a temperature of around 200°C (392°F), similar to THC, making it possible to release CBD as a gas without burning the plant matter. In the study, vaporizing at 230°C (446°F) seemed to release more CBD than vaporizing at 210°C (410°F).
At lower doses (4-8 mg), as much as 97% of CBD was vaporized. However, the conversion rate dropped significantly as the dose increased. At 200 mg, just 40% of CBD was converted to vapor. Interestingly, when administered together, the dose of CBD seemed to affect the conversion rate of THC. On average, 55% of THC was converted to vapor.
The researchers found 200 mg to be the maximum dose of CBD that could be vaporized efficiently, with higher doses producing a saturation effect. However, the point of CBD saturation seems to be related to the vaporizer and its heating efficiency, meaning that different vaporizers may allow for higher or lower doses to be vaporized at once.
So the answer is yes – vaping CBD e-liquid is safe. It even comes in the great flavours you know and love such as Lemon & Lime, Strawberry & Kiwi and many others. All you do is fill up your ecig and let the atomizer do its work. The atomizer will heat up your e-liquid and turn it into vapour, which you can inhale and enjoy!
Because of all the studies and research many people are now turning to CBD to help alleviate and treat a multitude of ailments and illness’s ranging from multiple sclerosis, severe epilepsy, certain cancers, pain and anxiety among others.
CBD has been overshadowed by tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, probably the better known compound in certain strains of cannabis. This is because unlike THC, CBD doesn’t produce a psychoactive high (so you do not feel “stoned”. However CBD has been known to have anti-epileptic, anti-spasmodic, antipsychotic and anti-anxiety, properties. (read our previous post on CBD and anxiety here)
There are of course lots more potential benefits for CBD (and THC!) and studies and research will long continue.
Vaping CBDeaze delivers totally organic cannabidiol through the buccal membranes in the mouth, and while we make no health claims about our CBD eliquid the growing amount of scientific research reflects both the health and medicinal benefits of CBD.
There is a staggering amount of people who suffer from chronic and constant pain which represents a massive public health issue Worldwide!
Studies show that CBD has an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect on the CB1 receptor in the humans endocannabinoid system which can help ease chronic pain and inflammation, although we do not make any heath claims in to our eliquid we have in fact many people who vape CBDeaze report back to us that it helps with easing their ailments such as backpain, headaches etc as well as those who suffer from more severe pain such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and muscular pain issues in general.
Being at the forefront of of research in to cannabinoids for our CBD eliquid and working with them day in day out we are very much aware of the synthetic variety, what they are and where they come from!
We are also very much aware of how dangerous synthetic cannabinoids can be!
Synthetic cannabinoids are essentially man-made and in certain instances mind-altering chemicals that mimic natural cannabinoids found in cannabis and hemp and are sometimes sprayed on dried, shredded plant material so they can be smoked (previously sold as legal highs or more commonly known as spice in the UK) or sold as liquids which can be vaped or used as tinctures.
However organic natural cannabinoids and the synthetic kind are totally different because often they are “supersized” and made stronger then those found normally in marijuana or hemp and because of this fact, they may affect the brain much more powerfully and the actual effects can be unpredictable and, in some cases, severe or fatal.
Watch this short but powerful video from VICE about how synthetic “marijuana” can affect people
Here at CBDeaze we know there are so called CBD eliquids made with synthetic cannabidiol which are blatantly being sold at often cheap pricing (organic cannabidiol is not a cheap product hence why our cannabidiol ejuice is more expensive then your average nicotine based eliquid) with no thought nor care for where it ends up and if it potentially is dangerous for them – for these companies it is purely a profits game, with them jumping on “bandwagon” of this legitimate revolution to the vaping World, nicotine free organic cannabidiol eliquids available in the UK.
To read more about us, view our product liability status, our latest eliquid analysis or the official statement from the UK Home Office on the legal status of cannabidiol just click here
We always have and always will use 100% organic and natural cannabidiol in all of our products and will continue the fight against synthetic cannabinoids and further push and support the studies in to the valid health benefits of organic cannabinoids found in both the cannabis and hemp plant. We are not a “legal high” in fact vaping CBDeaze will not get you high or give you a stoned feeling (this is the THC element not CBD) it does however offer an alternative vaping experience with the added benefits of totally natural CBD.
By now the majority of us know that smoking tobacco cigarettes is generally bad for us and how it affects our bodies and health both in the short and long term.
There was a scientific study published in 2008 which cited tobacco as the single greatest cause of preventable death worldwide.
In fact it quotes:
“each cigarette smoked is estimated to shorten life expectancy by 11 minutes”.
Now let’s say you smoke a packet of 20 tobacco cigarettes a day, you potentially have taken almost 4 hours off of your life – imagine what you could do in 4 hours!
Most people who smoke cigarettes agree that how to quit smoking cigarettes is a big issue for them especially with the amount of products that are aimed at helping you to stop smoking tobacco that causes the biggest dilemma by deciding which to choose and what is the most effective? Nicotine gum? Nicotine patches?
The choices are endless and do they really work in helping you give up smoking?
There is an issue, nicotine addiction as obviously one of the main components in a tobacco cigarette is nicotine and all the stop smoking aids in the main contain nicotine!
Numerous studies have suggested a link between nicotine addiction and the endocannabinoid system (a group of receptors in all our brains that is involved in a variety of physiological processes such as appetite, pain sensation, mood and memory).
The latest research suggests that cannabidiol (CBD) can help if you are trying to stop smoking! CBDeaze, our cannabidiol eliquid contains 100mg pure organic CBD and absolutely no nicotine!
Now this is the interesting part.
In September 2014, a study completed by the University College London researchers was published in Addictive Behaviors. University researchers attempted to investigate whether low doses of CBD could help smokers who wanted to quit smoking to overcome their nicotine addiction.
Celia J.A. Morgan led the research team, and 24 participants ages 18-35 were selected. Half of the participants were male, while the other half were female, and the study utilized a double-blind and placebo-controlled model. In order to participate in the study, participants were required to smoke more than 10 cigarettes each day, and they also needed to have a goal of beating their nicotine habit.
Next, participants recorded the number of cigarettes that they smoked throughout the week before treatment. They were then split into two groups and given an inhaler to use each time they felt a craving to smoke. One group was given a placebo, while the second group received CBD.
Participants then recorded their inhaler use over the next week, and they also kept track of the number of cigarettes they smoked. Researchers also sent out texts once per day asking participants to rate their level of craving for cigarettes.
Researchers found that those in the placebo group showed no difference in the amount that they smoked. However, those in the CBD group smoked, on average, 40% less after just a 1-week period!
“We found that CBD seems to reduce the salience of cues. It also can reduce anxiety and may affect a memory process called ‘reconsolidation,’ which is where when a memory of the reward of smoking is re-activated by seeing someone smoking, it is rendered vulnerable to destruction”, says Dr. Celia Morgan, co-author of the study. “CBD might mean these positive smoking memories are gradually erased,”
One of the most intriguing potential applications and benefits of medical marijuana is using it to treat cancer.
It has long been prescribed to counter the side effects of chemotherapy, but oncologists across the world are working on trials to determine whether cannabis can be used to treat cancer itself.
Many patients choose various THC and CBD products in an attempt to cure cancer, but there are many different methods of going about treatment.
Past research showed promise for THC in cancer treatment, but many are skeptical of using THC-based products because of its psychotropic effects (eg. the “high”).
As a result many oncologists have redirected their focus towards cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabigerol (CBG).
A recent British study, however suggests that cannabinoids may be most effective against cance when combined in a manner that allows them to act with one-another. Below is a short list of studies and research supporting cancer treatment with medical cannabis to get you started:
Both, hemp and marijuana come from the same plant – Cannabis Sativa L.
So what actually is the difference between hemp and marijuana? The short answer: interpretation. The long answer: the difference is a largely misunderstood, because unfortunately, when most people hear the horrific word “cannabis” they think of it as a recreational drug.
But in reality, cannabis has just as much to do with these industrial hemp products as it does with the pot. This brings the question — how is hemp different from marijuana?
Cannabis is believed to be one of the oldest domesticated crops. Throughout history, humans have grown different varieties of cannabis for industrial and medical uses.
Industrial hemp has low THC levels compared to marijuana specifically cultivated for personal psychoactive use. Whereas marijuana that can be smoked usually contains between five and ten percent THC, industrial hemp contains about one-tenth of that. In order to get a psychoactive effect, one would need to smoke ten or twelve hemp cigarettes over a very short period of time.
The reason for the low THC content in hemp is that most THC is formed in resin glands on the buds and flowers of the female cannabis plant. Industrial hemp is not cultivated to produce buds, and therefore lacks the primary component that forms the marijuana high. Furthermore, industrial hemp has higher concentrations of a chemical called Cannabidiol (CBD) that has a negative effect on THC and lessens its psychoactive effects when smoked in conjunction. Tall, sturdy plants were grown by early civilizations to make a variety of foods, oils and textiles, such as rope and fabrics. These plants were bred with other plants with the same characteristics, leading to the type of cannabis we now know as hemp. However, other plants were recognized for being psychoactive and were bred selectively for medical and religious purposes. This led to unique varieties of cannabis that we now know as marijuana.
According to Dan Sutton of Tantulus Labs, a Canadian company that specializes in cannabis cultivation technology, “the core agricultural differences between medical cannabis and hemp are largely in their genetic parentage and cultivation environment.”
In fact, scientists believe the early separation of the cannabis gene pool led to two distinct types of cannabis plants. The two species (or subspecies) of cannabis are known as Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa.
THC is classified as a controlled substance in the UK. CBD is 100% legal in the UK.
While the differences between hemp and marijuana are quite vague and borderline non-existent in nature, in relation to UK and EU law the differences are quite clear.
Marijuana is considered to be unregistered strains of cannabis sativa with a THC content regularly over 0.2%, where hemp is classified as European registered cannabis strains with a THC content below 0.2%.
Growing hemp and marijuana together isn’t an option. By doing that you get cross pollination which leaves both plants infertile. When they cross pollinate you loose the buds of the flowers and the seeds. With hemp these parts are very useful for a wide variety of uses (oil, food, seed for the following year). With marijuana the bud is the part of the plant that has the most THC, if this doesn’t fully develop due to cross pollination then you loose a lot of the material that can be smoked.
The difference in THC levels make hemp and marijuana a lot different. There are thousands of products that can be made from hemp, but it must be set aside that hemp and marijuana are the same thing. It must be understood that hemp can not be smoked for a high, marijuana can not be grown in place of hemp and fool authorities, and marijuana and hemp can not be grown together (or even with in a mile radius of one another).
Compared to cannabis sativa indica, cannabis sativa sativa (industrial hemp variety) has a much stronger fiber. This fiber can be used in anything from rope and blankets to paper. Marijuana fiber has a low tensile strength and will break or shred easily, making it a poor fibrous plant when compared to industrial hemp.